Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cuir.car.chula.ac.th/handle/123456789/58758
Title: การวิเคราะห์การยับยั้งการเพิ่มจำนวนของไวรัสเอชไอวีโดยทีเซลล์ : การทดสอบที่ใช้วิเคราะห์ภูมิคุ้มกันที่ได้จากการกระตุ้นด้วยวัคซีนป้องกัน HIV : รายงานการวิจัย
Other Titles: Analysis of HIV suppression activity mediated by T-cell response : an assay to evaluate protective immune response of HIV vaccine
Authors: ปกรัฐ หังสสูต
ญาดา ตันสิริ
Email: Pokrath.H@Chula.ac.th
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Other author: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย. คณะแพทยศาสตร์
Subjects: โรคเอดส์ -- การป้องกัน
การติดเชื้อเอชไอวี -- การป้องกัน
ทีเซลล์
AIDS (Disease) -- Prevention
HIV infections -- Prevention
T cells
Issue Date: 2557
Publisher: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย
Abstract: Introduction and Objective: Among HIV infected donors, the natural history of HIV infection is different and HIV load is the one of factors resulting in the different clinical outcome. We have been characterized HIV infected donors into 2 groups: controllers (HIV loads <2,000 copies/ml) and noncontrollers (HIV loads >2,000 copies/ml).In our previous study, we founded that controllers who naturally control HIV infection have the higher number of HIV-gag p24 specific T cells than noncontrollers significantly. Thus, We hypothesized that these polyfunctional T cells can effectively suppress HIV replication leading to the low level of HIV loads in controllers. Methods: The functional quality of T cells was detected using intracellular cytokine staining assay. HIV isolates were isolated from HIV infected donors and then superinfected with autologous CD4+ T cells. The different functional quality of HIV-gag p24 specific T cell lines and bulk CD8+ T cells were used as effectors in their autologous HIV suppression assay. HIV suppression was assessed using HIV-gag p24 ELISA assay. Results: In our study, controllers were significantly higher in the absolute number of full 5 functions, HIV-gag p24 specific T cells than noncontrollers. Moreover, in vitro HIV suppression assay has been shown that bulk CD8+ T cells from controllers can significantly suppress HIV replication when compared with noncontrollers. And, the HIV-gag p24 specific T cell line from controllers has the ability to suppress HIV replication in in vitro assay, effectively. Conclusion: HIV-gag p24 specific T cell responses from controllers have the superior effect on the suppression of HIV replication in vitro study.
URI: http://cuir.car.chula.ac.th/handle/123456789/58758
Type: Technical Report
Appears in Collections:Med - Research Reports

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