The first part of this paper presents a picture of the Ancient Russian Kingdom as an agricultural society under a feudal system, with the Prince of the Ruse Mass or the prince of Kiev as its supreme ruler. The Prince assigned his brothers or his sons to govern the land or city and town. The rulers of the city and town would then give their land to the knights who came to serve them. The land would used as the source of production for farmers who had to recompense the knights or the princes in the form of levies or taxes and agricultural produce. The social structure of the Ancient Russian Kingdom consisted or an upper class, a middle class or the group that was involved with the religious world and the lower class. In order to maintain social order, the Prince of the Ruse had laws promulgated from the reign of Prince Yaroslav. These laws were enacted and collated in the form of the Code of Laws, which, on the whole, gave special favour to the upper class. The middle of this paper gives an account of the town and cities, their construction by the ancient Russian people, and the background, role and payments made to soldiers who had to protect the kingdom. This part includes a presentation of the economy and the trade of the kingdom. The final part of this paper deals with the cultural aspects, describing how the Kingdom of the Ruse was influenced by Byzantine civilization through the Greek Orthodox Church. This was the first time that architectural structures were made of brick covered with plaster. Paintings originated in religious art. The paper concludes with the role of written scripts and folklore in Russian society and culture.