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dc.contributor.authorTeeranai Ittiudomrak-
dc.contributor.authorSongchan Puthong-
dc.contributor.authorTanapat Palaga-
dc.contributor.authorSittiruk Roytrakul-
dc.contributor.authorChanpen Chanchao-
dc.contributor.otherChulalongkorn University. The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering-
dc.contributor.otherChulalongkorn University. Faculty of Science-
dc.identifier.citationAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. Vol.8, Issue 11 (Nov, 2018), p. 519-526.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2221-1691 (Print)-
dc.identifier.issn2588-9222 (Online)-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To find new compounds in order to overcome the mainstay of metastatic breast cancer due to the adverse side effects from, and increasing resistance to, current chemotherapeutic agents. Methods: α-Mangostin and apigenin were reported in comparison to doxorubicin, a chemotherapeutic drug. Ductal carcinoma (BT474) cell line and non-tumorigenic epithelial tissue from mammary gland (MCF-10A) were used. Cell viability assessment was calculated by the standard 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method. Cell morphology was investigated by light microscopy. By flow cytometry analysis, programmed cell death was observed using annexin V and propidium iodide staining while cell-cycle arrest was observed using propidium iodide staining. Change in transcriptional expression was evaluated by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Results: In 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, the result revealed α-mangostin and apigenin were more cytotoxic to BT474 cells. Longer exposure times to α-mangostin and apigenin caused more floating cells and a lower density of adhered cells with more vacuoles present in the colonies in BT474 only. α-Mangostin and apigenin caused necrosis in BT474 cells in a 24 h exposure, but a small amount of early apoptotic cells could also be detected at 24, 48 and 72 h exposure, whereas doxorubicin caused early apoptosis to BT474 cells at 24 h. Transcript expression and activity analysis supported caspase-3 was involved in the death of BT474 cells treated by all compounds. Moreover, α-mangostin and apigenin arrested the cell-cycle at the G1-phase, but at the G2/M-phase by doxorubicin. All three compounds induced a change in transcript expression levels of inflammation-associated, proto-oncogene, autophagy-associated and apoptosis-associated genes. Conclusions: α-Mangostin and apigenin are worth investigating as potential new sources of chemotherapeutic agents for breast cancer treatment.en_US
dc.publisherWolters Kluwer Medknow Publicationsen_US
dc.rights©2018 by the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine.en_US
dc.subjectBreast canceren_US
dc.subjectCell cycle arresten_US
dc.titleα-Mangostin and apigenin induced the necrotic death of BT474 breast cancer cells with autophagy and inflammationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US information provided- information provided-
Appears in Collections:Chula Scholars - 2018

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